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Cancer Screening and Prevention
Service > Medical Health Check Plans > Cancer Screening and Prevention

Cancer Screening and Prevention

In Hong Kong, cancers and cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death in Hong Kong. Other leading causes of death include lung cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, stomach cancer, breast cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer, pancreatic cancer, esophageal cancer, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and leukemia. Ovarian cancer, cervical cancer and prostate cancer are also high-ranking killers. To find out ways to prevent cancer, we need to understand how cancers evolve. Although most of the causes of cancers are largely unknown, medical experts managed to conclude the existence of correlation between the prevalence of cancers and an unhealthy lifestyle. Unhealthy lifestyle practices and exposure to pollutants can lead to cancers. Notable examples are lung cancer (caused by smoking and asbestos exposure) and skin cancer (caused by excessive sun exposure). On the other hand, some cancers can be inherited, such as breast cancer, nasopharyngeal cancer and colorectal cancer etc.

The correlation between viral infections and cancers was also identified, for example, Hepatitis B/C and liver cancer, HPV and cervical cancer as well as EBV and nasopharyngeal cancer. This correlation led to the discovery of various types vaccinations against cancers, such as Hepatitis B vaccination against liver cancer. The fatal rate of the liver cancer was decreased due to the fact that Hepatitis B carriers are now able to detect liver cancer in early stage through blood test and ultrasound liver scan. The recent breakthrough of HPV vaccination had reduced the numbers of cervical cancer by 75%. Better understanding of the correlation between EBV and nasopharyngeal cancer allowed medical experts to create non-intrusive screening for early detection and treatment.

To prevent cancers, we should undertake a non-smoking health lifestyle practices including low-fat and high-fiber balanced diet, moderate amount of exercise each day, avoiding direct exposure to sun and wearing sun block and suitable clothes to protect your skin. Regular tests on stool occult blood allow us to screen colorectal cancer while regular blood tests (EBV DNA) are effective for the detection of nasopharyngeal cancer. We recommend Hepatitis B carriers to undergo regular blood tests and ultrasound scan for cancer screening. Women who are sexually active should undergo cervical smear on regular basis.

Getting to know your body, being aware of any abnormal changes and consulting a doctor immediately once any symptoms occurred are all the most important.

Source: Department of Health 2010

  • Prevention of Cervical Cancer
  • Cervical cancer is the fourth common female cancers in Hong Kong. Every year, over 400 women are being diagnosed of cervical cancers. Patients are of age from 20 to 70 or above, Though majority of them are aged over 50, data show that more and more younger females are affected by this disease and early intervention is thus the best way to treat it.

    The development of cervical cancer is a series of events starting from abnormal cell changes. The majority of these changes will regress to normal while some may progress to cancer over years. Pap Smear is at present the most effective test for detecting early abnormal cervical cell changes. The test only lasts for a few minutes and does not cause pain. Women should have regular cervical smears after they started to have sexual behaviors. If one has checked normal for three consecutive years, then she can choose to reduce the checking frequency to once per two or three years. Researches show that Pap Smear can help reducing development of cervical cancer by 90%.

    Well Woman Plan
    (performed by Registered Doctor)
    Cervical Smear Only
    (performed by Registered Nurse or Health Maintenance Officer)
    Personal Life Habits Assessment Personal Life Habits Assessment
    Basic Health Checks (Blood Pressure and BMI) Basic Health Checks ( Blood Pressure and BMI )
    Risk Assessment for Breast and Cervical Cancers Risk Assessment for Breast and Cervical Cancers
    Breasts & Pelvic Physical Examinations Cervical Smear
    Cervical Smear Price :$340
    Price :$460
    Optional tests:
    Pelvis Ultrasound : $ 730
    Mammogram : $ 1000
    Mammogram and Breast Ultrasound :$1,600
     
    Remarks:
    Ultrasound service is available at Jockey Club Wo Lok Community Health Centre and Jockey Club Tin Shui Wai Community Health Centre. Please contact our staff for details or reservation.
  • Prevention of Breast Cancer
  • Breast cancer is the most common cancer among females in Hong Kong. An average of 1,000 cases are being diagnosed per year. A woman's risk of developing breast cancer increases with age, with the peak at age 50 or above.

    The causes for breast cancer are not yet fully understood, but it is more common among nulliparous women or women having their first child late. Other risk factors include family history of breast cancer (especially for mother or sisters) and a high fat diet.

    Symptoms:
  • Beast lump, changing in shape or symmetry of the breasts, irritation or dimpling of breast skin
  • In-drawing of the nipple, abnormal discharge or bleeding from the nipple
  • Lumps (lymph nodes) in the armpit.
  • Besides self-examination, women of age from 20 to 40 should seek for examination from doctor on a by-yearly basis. Women of age 40 or above, or those who have family history of breast cancer should see the doctor on a yearly basis.

    Doctor will refer suspected cases to have the following check:
  • Mammogram
  • Breast Ultrasound
  • Needle biopsy
  •  

      Standard Premium A Premium B Superior
    Personal Habits and Medical History Analysis
    Blood Pressure, BMI, Fat%
    Risk Assessment for Breast and Cervical Cancers
    Physical Examination of Breasts and Pelvis by Doctor
    Cervical Smear
    Breasts Ultrasound*    
    Mammogram*    
    Report Explanation by Doctor Only for abnormal report
    Price HK$ 460
    (GYN9)
    HK$ 1,250
    (GYN13)
    HK$ 1,400
    (GYN12)
    HK$ 1,960
    (GYN14)
      Remarks:
    • Ultrasound service is available at Jockey Club Wo Lok Community Health Centre and Jockey Club Tin Shui Wai Community Health Centre. Please contact our staff for details or reservation.
    • Participants will be referred by our doctors to selected medical centres for Mammogram examination.
    • Well Women Clinic
  • Prevention of Colorectal Cancer
  • Colorectal cancer is a common cancer type in Hong Kong with 2,000 new cases each year. It results from the abnormal growth of the cells of the colon and rectum and is commonly found in those aged over 50, especially among men. Colorectal cancer is often asymptomatic at early stage. Common symptoms include change in bowel habit, e.g. diarrhoea, constipation, blood or copious mucus in stool, abdominal pain and weight loss, etc. But when such symptoms appear, the cancer may already be big in size or have started to spread around, thus the most effective way for preventing colon cancer is to have regular health check after the age of 50.

    Colorectal cancer is associated with a diet high in red and processed meat. To prevent colorectal cancer, it is recommended to adopt primary preventive measures like decreasing consumption of red and processed meat, and increasing intake of dietary fibre (e.g. fibre from fruits and vegetables).

    Some of our Medical Health Check Plans include stool occult blood test. Please contact our staff for details.

  • Prevention of Liver Cancer
  • Liver cancer results from the abnormal growth of the cells of the liver. The two types of liver cancer are primary cancer (starting in the liver itself) and secondary or metastic cancer (starting in another part of the body and spreading to the liver). Liver cancer is more common in men and the major risk factors of primary liver cancer are:

  • Cirrhosis of liver
  • Chronic viral hepatitis, of which the most common is hepatitis B
  • Certain toxins and chemicals, e.g. aflatoxins(i.e. a toxin found in molded peanuts or other foods)
  • Long-standing alcohol abuse
  • Prolong exposure to certain environmental pollutants, e.g. polyvinyl chloride used in manufacturing plastics
  • UCN provides regular liver checking plans to help hepatitis B virus carriers to closely monitor their liver functioning, so as to prevent liver cirrhosis or liver cancer. Please read the pamphlet for details. 

    Other monitoring packages for Hepatitis B are available. Please consult our doctors for medical advice.

  • Hepatitis A & B Screening
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